|Title:||Micronutrients and many important factors that affect the physiological functions of toll-like receptors|
|Authors:||El-Zayat, Salwa Refat|
Mannaa, Fathia A.
|Series/Report no.:||Bulletin of the National Research Centre, Vol 43:123 (2019)|
|Abstract:||Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are type I integral transmembrane receptors involved in recognition and conveying of pathogens to the immune system. These receptors are located either on cell surfaces or within endosomes. They are activated by specific ligand leading to the release of cytokines via signal transduction pathway. The excess production of these cytokines leads to disrupt the immune homeostasis. There are several factors regulating TLR expression and consequently affecting their functions. Among these are inflammation, cytokines, some cellular process, air pollution, depression, stress, some drugs, genetic polymorphism, nutrition, and micronutrients. Some micronutrients (vitamins and trace elements) may be considered as important TLR regulators, as they have immunomodulatory functions. Vitamins D, B12, and A; zinc; copper; and iron have important role on innate immune responses.|
|Appears in Collections:||Tài liệu mở|
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