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Title: Influence of ABO blood groups and demographic characteristics on the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Lagos, southwest Nigeria
Authors: Yahaya, Tajudeen O.
Participants: Oladele, Esther O.
Mshelia, Mari B.
Sifau, Mutiu O.
Fashola, Oluwatosin D.
Bunza, M. D. A.
Nathaniel, Josephine
Issue Date: 2021
Series/Report no.: Bulletin of the National Research Centre, Volume 45 (2021), Article number: 144
Abstract: The results showed that age class 50–59 years (35.8%) was the most susceptible to T2DM, while age class 30–39 years (8.6%) was the least. Female diabetics accounted for 56.8%, while males constituted 43.2%. Diabetes was less prevalent among singles (9.5%), while married couples had the highest prevalence (55.6%). Primary school leavers were the least diabetic (9.9%), while secondary school leavers were the most diabetic (41.6%). Approximately 59.05% of the patients were overweight, while 5.35% were underweight. Blood group O positive was the most prevalent (38.5%; p < 0.05), followed by A positive (20.2%; p < 0.05), and the least was AB negative (4.5%). Severe conditions were less common among groups O positive and A positive (p < 0.05) compared to other blood groups. Thus, the relatively high prevalence of T2DM among blood groups O and A could be due to natural selection owing to their fitness.
ISSN: 2522-8307
Appears in Collections:Tài liệu mở




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