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  • Authors: Adesola, Ridwan Olamilekan;  Advisor: -;  Participants: D’Souza, Joanna Nicole; Bello, Aisha Bisola; Mukwekwe, Varaidzo Joyline (2023)

  • In the current global scenario, the monkeypox virus has infected over 3000 individuals from endemic countries like Nigeria, along with non-endemic countries like the UK, Canada, the USA, etc. Based on the current information, it has been observed that monkeypox cases have primarily, though not exclusively, been found among men who have sex with men (MSM) in countries such as the UK. This article discusses the recent outbreak of monkeypox, its causes, and the various approaches to combat monkeypox infections.

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  • Authors: Haruna, Usman Abubakar;  Advisor: -;  Participants: Muhammad, Ahmad Dalhatu; Lucero-Prisno III, Don Eliseo (2023)

  • There have been multiple outbreaks of emerging infections since the turn of the century. A bulk of these diseases is caused by animals, including the Zika virus, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), Monkeypox (MPOX), and Adenovirus among others (Manirambona et al. 2022; Alarcon-Valdes et al. 2022). These diseases were formerly known to infect animals, but they now affect humans. We think that human activities such as land use and livestock practices, and the impact of climate change, are major contributing factors to the emergence and spread of viral zoonotic diseases. By addressing these root causes, we can reduce the risk of future outbreaks and improve public health.

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  • Authors: AbdelMassih, Antoine;  Advisor: -;  Participants: Sedky, Abrar; Shalaby, Ahmed; Shalaby, AlAmira-Fawzia; Yasser, Alia; Mohyeldin, Aya; Amin, Basma; Saleheen, Basma; Osman, Dina; Samuel, Elaria; Abdelfatah, Emmy; Albustami, Eveen; ElGhamry, Farida; Khaled, Habiba; Amr, Hana; Gaber, Hanya; Makhlouf, Ismail; Abdeldayem, Janna; El-Beialy, Jana Waleed; Milad, Karim; Sharkawi, Laila El; Abosenna, Lina; Safi, Madonna G.; AbdelKareem, Mariam; Shershaby, Meryam El (2022)

  • After the discovery of the SARS-CoV-2 variant, Omicron, that sporadically arose in November 2021, it was compared to the Delta variant that was discovered in May 2021 in terms of virulence and transmissibility. While Omicron has shown higher rates of transmission than the other variants, it showed less virulent symptoms with relatively mild disease. The Delta variant, however, has been associated with high virulence causing severe lower respiratory tract symptoms and reduced transmission rate (Kumar et al. 2021). This leaves us wondering; does COVID-19 agree with the trade-off hypothesis?

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  • Authors: Gustavsen, Stefan;  Advisor: -;  Participants: Nordling, Mette Maria; Weglewski, Arkadiusz (2023)

  • The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has been leading to dramatic health, social and economic problems around the world. It was necessary to introduce worldwide vaccination program against SARS-CoV-2 virus. Vaccination of billions of people around the world leads to many questions about risk of vaccines and possible side effects. It is well known that acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare, but possible complication of vaccines. Previously, cases of ADEM following various COVID-19 vaccines, including the vaccines from AstraZenica, Pfizer, Sputnik V, SinoVac, Moderna, Sinopharm, have been described. In this case report, we present the first documented case of ADEM following the COVID-19 vaccine Ad26.COV2.S from Johnson & Johnson.

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  • Authors: Kadi, Nadjat;  Advisor: -;  Participants: Khelfaoui, Mounia (2020)

  • The cluster analysis allowed us to isolate the groups of cities with the highest numbers of COVID-19 infected cases and the highest population densities. The regression models obtained suggest that there is a strong correlation between the population density and the number of COVID-19 infections in Algeria. This finding is verified by the correlation coefficients. Thus, it is estimated that population density has a positive effect on the spread of COVID-19 in the Algerian context during the study period.

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  • Authors: Abdullah-Al-Shafi, Md.;  Advisor: -;  Participants: - (2020)

  • The expansion of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus 2 (SARSCoV-2) has now procured on epidemic percentages, affecting more than 190 nations in a matter of weeks. A widespread SARSCoV-2 contagion begun in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, and circulate through China and beyond in December 2019. The containment events in China have lessened new instances by more than 90%, but this diminution is not the case to a different place. European countries like Italy and Spain have been the most affected. In Asia, the COVID-19 brings a catastrophe where after China mainland, countries like Iran and South Korea have been affected. There is now severe apprehension concerning the Asian health care system’s ability to effectually counter to the necessities of patients who are infecte...

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  • Authors: Chakraborty, Prasenjit;  Advisor: -;  Participants: Kumar, Randhir; Karn, Sanjay; Srivastava, Ankit Kumar; Mondal, Priya (2023)

  • In early December 2019, an unusual pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan city, China, created an unprecedented and irreversible impact on the entire world 2/24/2023 12:58:00 PM. The symptoms of COVID-19 range from mild to severe, and include mainly fever, cough, and respiratory distress. Severe cases of pneumonia and hypoxemia result in considerable mortality (Rothan and Byrareddy 2020). The etiology has been linked to the new strain of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). According to the COVID-19 weekly epidemiological update by the World Health Organization (WHO), as of 9 May 2021, there have been a total of 163,965,336 COVID-19 cases with 3,397,147 fatalities (World Health Organization 2021). However, the new dynamics of the outbreaks seem highly variable among countries

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  • Authors: Alkattan, Abdullah;  Advisor: -;  Participants: Radwan, Nashwa; Mahmoud, Nagla; Alkhalifah, Ahmed; Alshamlan, Ammar; Alkamis, Abdullah; Alfaifi, Amal; Alanazi, Wedad; Alfaleh, Amjad; Haji, Alhan; Alabdulkareem, Khaled (2022)

  • A cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2021 to January 2022 in Saudi Arabia. The study included 281 residents to estimate their acceptance to receive COVID-19 vaccination. Around 70% of the included participants had a moderate to high COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rate during the data collection period. The risk increases to about two folds among undergraduates, and increases to four folds among non-employed, About 78% of participants with high and 44% with low COVID-19 vaccine acceptance believed the vaccines were safe and effective. The belief that COVID-19 disease will be controlled within two years increased the risk for low vaccine acceptance by about two folds Good knowledge about COVID-19 vaccination significantly affected the acceptance rate

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  • Authors: S. Amoo, Olufemi;  Advisor: -;  Participants: Onyia, Ngozi; I. Onuigbo, Tochukwu; U. Vitalis, Stephanie; Davies-Bolorunduro, Olabisi F.; Joy I. Oraegbu; Adeniji, Esther T.; Obi, Josephine C.; Abodunrin, Olusola N.; Ikemefuna, Amaka S.; Adegbola, Richard A.; Audu, Rosemary A.; Salako, Babatunde L. (2022)

  • Social and demographic characteristics of study participants The descriptive statistics for all the patients with COVID-19 were summarized and are presented in Table 2. Among the 236 participants, 158 (66.9%) were males and 78 (33.1%) were females. The mean ± SD age of the SCP was 52.3 ± 16.9 years and 42.4 ± 17.2 years for the NSCP. Most of the participants were between 24 and 65 years of age.